Radiation therapy is a treatment for breast cancer patients, alone or in combination with surgery. Radiation treatment in cancer hospital in navi mumbai or elsewhere works to either directly destroy cancer cells or stop them from increasing to kill them and prevent them from growing again. The many radiation therapy regimens used to treat breast cancer, new developments, and their efficacy will all be covered in this article.
Types of Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
EBRT delivers high-energy radiation to the breast from an external source. EBRT is typically given after breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy. The treatment is usually administered for four to six weeks, with daily treatments of about 15 minutes each. Side effects of EBRT may include skin irritation, fatigue, and breast swelling.
Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) is another form of radiation therapy for breast cancer. Unlike EBRT, IORT delivers radiation directly to the tumour bed during surgery. A single dose of radiation is delivered to the area surrounding the tumor while the patient is under anesthesia. The side effects of IORT are minimal, and recovery is fast.
It is typically given over five to seven days. APBI reduces the amount of radiation exposure to healthy tissue, which may reduce side effects such as fatigue and skin irritation. However, not all patients are eligible for APBI, and long-term follow-up data is still limited.
Recent Advances in Radiation Therapy
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a type of EBRT that uses computer-generated images to deliver radiation more precisely to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. The treatment is delivered in multiple beams that can be adjusted to conform to the tumour’s shape. IMRT effectively reduces the risk of local recurrence in breast cancer patients.
SBRT in a cancer hospital in navi mumbai and elsewhere are typically delivered in five or fewer treatments, compared to four to six weeks for traditional EBRT. This reduces the overall treatment time and may be more convenient for some patients. SBRT is effective in treating early-stage breast cancer and may be an option for patients not candidates for surgery.
Protons have a unique physical property that allows them to deliver their energy directly to the tumour without depositing as much energy in the surrounding healthy tissue. This minimises the risk of side effects, such as skin irritation and fatigue. Proton therapy is still considered an experimental treatment for breast cancer, and its long-term effectiveness is unknown.
Effectiveness of Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
This therapy has been shown to reduce local recurrence by up to 70% for patients with early-stage breast cancer who undergo breast-conserving surgery. In these cases, radiation therapy has been shown to improve overall survival rates.
Radiation therapy also has a role in palliative care for advanced or metastatic breast cancer patients. It can alleviate pain and other symptoms by shrinking tumours and reducing their effect on surrounding tissues. Palliative radiation therapy in the best cancer hospital in navi mumbai or elsewhere is typically well-tolerated by patients within one to two weeks.
It is essential for breast cancer patients to discuss all their treatment options with their healthcare team and to make informed decisions about their care. Radiation therapy may not be appropriate for all patients, and some may opt for other treatment options, such as surgery or chemotherapy. Ultimately, breast cancer treatment aims to achieve the best possible outcome for the patient, and radiation therapy can play a critical role in achieving that goal.