As technological advancements are on the rise across a whole host of sectors, scientists, those in medical research fields and even tech companies are beginning to think about the potential of the brain and harnessing its capabilities for a range of uses. This is where brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are stepping into the fray.
Brain-computer interfaces are an emerging tool that, if harnessed correctly, could have a significant impact on the modern world. There are already numerous uses within the healthcare and human augmentation industries. As our brains transmit thoughts to our bodies via electrical impulses, the idea is that BCIs can be worn to read them, interrupt them, or add new impulses to improve bodily functions that may be lacking.
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With this in mind, here are the top 3 BCI applications
1. Nerve augmentation (neuroprostheses)
For many years now, EEG (electroencephalography) and EMG (electromyography) have been used to detect nerve problems. As BCI functions in much the same way as an EEG, it can be worn and the potential used to replace or reinforce pathways in the nervous system that simply isn’t working properly.
As many advances have been received well in the gaming niche so far, BCI as a next step seems logical. This type of technology will work to minimise physical function during the gaming experience. This means that BCI headsets will read basic thought commands to manoeuvre characters and support keyboards and mouses when navigating digital landscapes.
3. Speech applications
One of the most promising applications for BCI technology is speech detection and augmentation. Communication without the conventional neuromuscular pathways is an issue that effects millions of individuals worldwide and using electrocorticography (ECoG) via BCI, speech may be achievable even for patients who are ‘locked in’ or have severe communication disorders.
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