Pathology is the study of diseases and the causal factors such as microorganisms that cause these diseases and infections in humans. Pathology helps in understanding what kind of organisms are out there, what they can do to human bodies and what diseases occur when they attack the human body. Based on a disease or an infection, the pathological study reveals what may have caused it and helps doctors to treat the issue accordingly. Pathology tests are done routinely for many cases at any pathological labs. Just searching for the best pathology lab near me on the internet can reveal the closest pathology labs that a patient can contact to get pathology tests done. Doctors often recommend getting these pathological tests to help them in understanding what caused the disease that a patient is going through and also the probable effects it may have on patients.
Types of Pathology
There are many branches within Pathology and each branch has its own function. There are several kinds of pathology and each one is used differently for several purposes. Pathology tests help doctors in figuring out the treatment course, the possible outcome of the disease, how the symptoms may change and the possible course of the disease. Types of pathology help in identifying different levels of infection at the tissue, cell or organ level. Some other types help in identifying the effectiveness of the medication in a patient and others help in charting the probable course of the disease so that doctors are able to provide necessary treatment accordingly.
Below are some of the types of pathology tests that are done in pathology labs near me:
1. Anatomic Pathology
The study of tissues and organs and the diseases associated with these are called anatomic pathology. This branch of pathology helps in dealing with the study of more macroscopic levels of issues such as tumours and if they are cancerous in any way.
2. Molecular Pathology
MOlecular pathology deals with more miniscule levels of the human body such as the DNA, RNA and other genetic materials. It tries to understand why diseases are inherently present in some people and how the immunity changes and affects an individuals health
3. Forensic Pathology
Forensic pathology is a legal branch of pathology and is more concerned with autopsies, finding causes that led to the death of a patient etc
Common Pathology Tests
Now that one has understood the different branches of pathology, let’s take a look at all the common tests that are recommended by doctors at the best pathology labs near me (the patient):
1. Thyroid Tests
Thyroid test is the most common test prescribed by doctors for patients who may seem to have an imbalance in their hormone functions (example – T3, T4 and TSH)
2. LFT Tests
LFT tests understand the various liver functions in a body and identifies issues with any symptom of abnormality (example – bile, bilirubin etc)
3. KFT Tests
KFT Tests tries to identify issues with kidney functions if the doctor suspects any abnormality in the kidney functions (example – uric acid, ammonia etc)
4. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
It helps in understanding the blood composition such as the WBC count, platelets, RBC count etc
Helps in identifying issues with urine if any just like blood tests. Urine is another place where most infections may show up when a person contracts an illness. (example of tests are urea, uric acid etc)